Taylor & Francis Online
April 6, 2023
Objective: To investigate the impact of steroid-eluting implants after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) on health care resource use (HCRU) in chronic rhinosinusitis patients with (CRSwNP) and without (CRSsNP) nasal polyps.
Methods: This retrospective, observational cohort study using real-world evidence data included adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS in 2015–2019 with at least 24 months of data before and after ESS. Patients who received implants were matched to patients who did not based on a propensity score developed using baseline characteristics and NP status. HCRU was compared between cohorts within each CRSwNP and CRSsNP subgroup using chi-square tests (binary variables).
Results: The implant cohort in the CRSwNP subgroup had fewer all-cause outpatient (90.0% vs. 93.9%, p < .001) and all-cause otolaryngology (64.3% vs. 76.4%, p < .001) visits as well as fewer endoscopy (40.5% vs. 47.4%, p = .005) and debridement (48.8% vs. 55.6%, p = .007) procedures than the non-implant cohort. The implant cohort in the CRSsNP subgroup had fewer all-cause outpatient (88.9% vs. 94.2%, p < .001) and all-cause otolaryngology (53.5% vs. 74.4%, p < .001) visits as well as fewer endoscopy (31.8% vs. 41.7%, p < .001) and debridement (36.7% vs. 53.4%, p <.001) procedures than the non-implant cohort. Revision sinus surgery was reduced in the implant cohort in both subgroups, and reached statistical significance in the CRSwNP subgroup (3.8% vs. 6.0%, p = .039) but not in the CRSsNP subgroup (3.6% vs. 4.2%, p = .539).
Conclusions: Overall, patients receiving implants had lower HCRU for 24 months after sinus surgery independent of nasal polyp status, and revision surgery was reduced in CRSwNP patients. These findings provide additional evidence that long-term reductions in HCRU may be achieved with steroid-eluting implant use during sinus surgery.